Ghost in the Shell (攻殻機動隊 Kōkaku Kidōtai?, virtually “Mobile Armored Riot Police”) is a Japanese media franchise at first printed as a seinen manga collection of the same title published and illustrated by Masamune Shirow. The manga, initial serialized in 1989 beneath the subtitle of The Ghost in the Shell, and later on printed as its have tankōbon volumes by Kodansha, told the story of the fictional counter-cyberterrorist group Public Safety Section nine, led by protagonist Big Motoko Kusanagi, in the mid 21st century of Japan.
Animation studio Creation I.G has made several unique anime variations of Ghost in the Shell, starting up with the 1995 film of the same title, telling the story of Section 9’s investigation of the Puppet Master. The tv collection Ghost in the Shell: Stand On your own Advanced followed in 2002, telling an alternate story from the manga and initial film, showcasing Section 9’s investigations of authorities corruption in the Laughing Man and Specific Eleven incidents. The calendar year 2013 observed the begin of the Ghost in the Shell: Crop up original movie animation (OVA) collection, consisting of four episodes by way of mid-2014. The collection was recompiled in early 2015 as a tv collection titled Ghost in the Shell: Crop up – Choice Architecture, airing with an further two episodes. An animated element film made by most of the Crop up employees, titled Ghost in the Shell: The New Movie was released on June 20, 2015. A reside action film of the same title is scheduled for release on March 31, 2017.
Shirow has mentioned that he experienced generally preferred the title of his manga to be “GHOST IN THE SHELL”, even in Japan, but his original publishers most well-liked Kōkaku Kidōtai (攻殻機動隊?). He experienced selected “Ghost in the Shell” in homage to Arthur Koestler’s The Ghost in the Device, from which he also drew inspiration.